Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini: Totalitarianism in the Twentieth Century. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. Ursprünge, Arten und Folgen des Konstrukts "Bevölkerung" vor, im und nach dem "Dritten Reich" : Aspekte und Erkenntnisse zur Geschichte der deutschen Bevölkerungswissenschaft (in German). Hitler routinely disregarded the Concordat, closing all Catholic institutions whose functions were not strictly religious. 75 percent of the oats produced in France, as well as 80 percent of the country's oil and 74 percent of

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its steel production were also taken. Other civilian deaths include 300,000 Germans (including Jews) who were victims of Nazi political, racial, and religious persecution and 200,000 who were murdered in the Nazi euthanasia program. Translated by Jean Steinberg. Propaganda campaigns claimed the church was corrupt, restrictions were placed on public meetings and Catholic publications faced censorship. In October 1939, Hans Frank, future Governor-General of occupied Poland, stated that the Nazis intended a "ruthless exploitation" of Poland's "supplies, raw materials, machines, and factory instillation." Frank went on to state that "Poland shall be treated as a colony.

They also took part in street battles against the forces of rival political parties and violent actions against Jews and others. Jews and people considered politically unreliable were prevented from working in the arts, and many emigrated. In addition to eliminating Jews, the Nazis planned to reduce the population of the conquered territories by 30 million people through starvation in an action called the Hunger Plan. Khatyn State Memorial Complex. Hindenburg died on Hitler became dictator of Germany by merging the offices and powers of the Chancellery and Presidency. The Canadian Foundation for Polish Studies of the Polish Institute of Arts Sciences Price-Patterson Ltd. Alfred Rosenberg, head of the nsdap Office of Foreign Affairs and Hitler's appointed cultural and educational leader for Nazi Germany, considered Catholicism to be among the Nazis' chief enemies. The Triumph of the Dark: European International History.




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The government was not a coordinated, co-operating body, but rather a disorganised collection of factions led by the party elite, who struggled to amass power and gain the Führer's favour. Boston: George Allen Unwin. New York: Public Affairs, member of Perseus Books Group. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 February 2012. According to Raeder, "Our Air Force could not be counted on to guard our transports from the British Fleets, because their operations would depend on the weather, if for no other reason. The book counted the Holy Roman Empire (9621806) as the first Reich and the German Empire (18711918) as the second.